Office of Technology Transfer – University of Michigan

Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire — Designed as Research Screen for Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Other Sleep Disorders in Children

Technology #3766

Summary: The Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire allows clinicians to diagnose a wide variety of sleep problems in children when polysomnography is not available, including sleep apnea and restless leg syndrome. 

Applications: 

· Screening for symptoms of many pediatric sleep disorders, including sleep-related breathing disorders, e.g., obstructive sleep apnea, periodic leg movements during sleep

Advantages: 

· Easy to implement

· Free

· Can be used in settings where polysomnography is not feasible

· Widely used in published pediatric sleep research

Background: Sleep problems are common but usually undiagnosed among children. Although sleep laboratory-based polysomnography is a gold standard in the diagnosis of some sleep disorders, in many settings where a screen for sleep problems is desired, sleep physicians or other specialists may not be available. 

Researchers at the University of Michigan have developed a parent-completed Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). This instrument contains two validated component scales: one for sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBDs), such as obstructive sleep apnea, and one for restless legs/periodic leg movements (RLS/PLMS). The SRBD scale contains validated subscales for snoring, sleepiness, and daytime disruptive behavior (the latter based on DSM-IV symptoms for inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive behavior). The PSQ can be used to help screen for symptoms of sleep disorders in settings where polysomnography is not feasible. 

The PSQ and SRBD scale (with component snoring, sleepiness, and disruptive daytime behavior subscales) are available to license and use responsibly at no charge. Access to the SRBD scale scoring instructions and references are also made available online. Other portions of the full PSQ, aside from the SRBD and RLS/PLMS scales, may be qualitatively informative but have not been formally scored or clinically validated at this time; use of the PSQ and its components in such a manner can only be undertaken at the discretion and responsibility of the involved clinician.